Nika Tour Nika Tour
Visit Peter and Paul Fortress

St. Petersburg was born in the battles of the nothern wars, and it was here that it all began when Peter laid the foundation of the first fortress on an islet in 1703 to protect the mainland and to secure Russia's outlet to the sea. This has become the chief monument to the founder's reign. The small hexagonal Hare Island (Zayachi Ostrov by Russian) right opposite the mainland and just off what is known as the Petrograd Side of the St. Petersburg, forms — as it were — the hub around which the city revolves. From Vasilevsky Island it is accessible across the Palace Bridge, and from central St. Peterburg by the Trinity Bridge from the Palace Embankment.

The building of the fortress commenced in May 1703 and this date is regarded as the beginning of the city's history. The most important architectural feature of the fortress is the Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral started in 1712 and built by Domenico Trezzini, later improved and embellished by Bartolomeo Rastrelli. The golden spire — so different from the bulbous domes of Orthodox Churches of pre-Peter days, and almost Protestant in character — rising high above the Neva became the symbol of Russia's outlet to the Baltic Sea.
The ikonostasis of the Peter‑and‑Paul Cathedral is one of the Baroque masterpieces of the at of the 18th century. The Russian wood‑carvers showed their skill in every detail. There are trophies kept in the Cathedral — Swedish and Turkish war banners. On the walls under the windows there are 18 pictures on themes from Bible Stories. Inside the Cathedral illuminated by chandeliers made of bronze, crystal and colored glass.

The Cathedral, which is 122 meters (400 feet) high was St. Peterburg's tallest building until the Television Tower was put up. For over 300 hundred years to the present time Peter‑and‑Paul Cathedral is the burial place of the reigning House of Romanov. Here are buried Russian emperors and empresses from Peter I to Nicholas II, with the exception of Peter II and John VI. From the Cathedral covered gallery is connected to the tomb of the Great Dukes.

On a sightseeing tour of St. Petersburg you will see and get acquainted with the outstanding monuments of architecture and town planning of world significance. During the sightseeing tour there is a visit to the Peter‑and‑Paul Fortress and the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul.
The duration of the tour of St. Petersburg with a visit to the Peter and Paul Cathedral is 3 hours.

The route of the guided tour in St. Petersburg:

Nevsky Prospect, the main thoroughfare in St. Petersburg: • Anichkov Bridge — one of the most beautiful in the city — set off by four colossal bronze groups of horse tamers • Anichkov Palace built by Empress Elizabeth for her lover Alexei Razumovsky • Monument to Catherine the Great • Alexander Theater, one of the outstanding samples of Russian Classicism • Complex of the Russian National Library buildings • Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan and the monuments to Kutuzov and Barklay de Tolli • Stroganov Palace — one of the finest example of Russian Baroque
University Embankment: • First Russian natural science museum — Kunstkammer • Building of the main and oldest learned body in the Russia, the Academy of Science • Group of buildings of the St. Petersburg State University and the first and mainbuilding is one of the oldest in the city (formerly it housed the Twelve Ministries of State) • Former palace of Peter's associate Alexander Menshikov, one of the largest stone buildings in St. Petersburg • Notable edifice of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts Museum
Senate Square: • Monument to the city's founder — the eguestrian statue of Peter the Great, know as the Bronze Horseman • Main Admiralty building • Buildings of the Senate and Synod
Saint Isaac's Square: • St. Isaac's Cathedral • Monument to Nicholas I • Mariinsky Palace — today the palace houses the St. Petersburg City Council
Palace Square: • Winter Palace (formerly royal residences) — now world‑famous Hermitage Museum • Alexander Column • General Staff Building • Building of the former Guards Corps Headquarters
Field of Mars, the venue of great military parades in the 19th century
St. Michael's Castle also known as the Engineers Castle and a statue to Peter the Great
Church of the Resurrection of Christ (Cathedral on Spilled Blood) built in the old Russian style
Petrovskaya Embankment: • Wooden House of Peter the Great — is one of the oldest structures in St. Petersburg • Aurora Cruiser — the monument of Russian shipbuilding (from 1948 the cruiser became the monument of the October Socialistic Revolution)

Петропавловская крепость